Meningitis In Children guidelines

Meningitis In Children guidelines

Meningitis is the medical condition used to describe an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and the spinal cord. It is a medical emergency that can lead to permanent brain damage if timely treatment is not provided. The cause of the problem needs to be identified and treated to prevent long term effects.

The highest incidence of meningitis is between birth and two years; and the risk level for new born up to the age of 3 to 8 months being higher. Exposure to infections and problems associated with immune system can increase the risk level of the new born child.

The occurrence of meningitis can be due to complication of the infection in the blood. The infections in the blood release substances in the blood stream that affect the blood brain barrier and make it more vulnerable. Now the organisms invade the fluid surrounding the brain. This causes the immune system to release more white blood cells. This causes the inflammation and swelling of the brain tissue and blood flow to brain gets reduced.

Streptococcus, Escherichia coli and Listeria bacteria are known to cause infection immediately after birth. For babies one month and above, bacteria called Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib), and Neisseria meningitidis are more frequent.

The children younger than 3 months display symptoms such as decreased liquid intake, vomiting, irritable, lethargy, fever, bulging fontanelle and seizure activity. The children above 1 year have nausea, headache, neck pain and fever as symptoms.     

Immediate medical care is to be provided to the child when the symptoms are observed. While transporting the child to the hospital, correct amount of acetaminophen needs to be given. Child is to be held comfortable and to be prevented from choking or inhaling vomited material. Keep the child under observation and any deterioration in his condition has to be immediately brought to the doctor's notice.

More Articles :

Meningitis In Children guidelines