Streptococcal bacteria are responsible for causing scarlet fever. This disease can spread from person to person when an infected person’s sneeze and cough droplets are breathed in by persons nearby.
The bacteria can also get transferred by skin contact or by sharing of contaminated clothes, bed and linen.
There are some individuals who are infected but they do not develop any symptoms as their immune system is strong enough. But they are also carriers of the bacteria and unknowingly participate in transmission of the disease.
People living in overcrowded environment such as boarding schools and day care centers are at greater risk in catching this infection. Children in the age group of 3-8 years are also at greater risk as their immune system has not yet developed to withstand this infection.
The following steps can be followed to provide relief and to get rid of scarlet fever.
- Child to be given paracetamol to take care of fever and pain
- Fluid intake to be kept up and soft foods such as soups, milkshakes, and ice creams can be given
- Make the child comfortable by providing cool cotton clothing
- Childs finger nails are to be trimmed to avoid secondary skin infection when it become itchy
- Keep the child away from other children in the home
- Keep the child away from school to avoid infection spreading to other children
- A warm face cloth can be used at the side of the neck to provide relief to the swollen glands
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