Modern Cases Of Scarlet Fever

Modern Cases Of Scarlet Fever

Scarlet fever is caused by group A Streptococcal bacteria. This can affect people of any age group. However, it is found to be more common in children between the age of 3 and 8.

Scarlet fever bacteria are passed on from airborne droplets from coughs and sneezes. Although it is a serious disease, scarlet fever today is considered a mild disease because of the effects of modern medicine.

Modern cases of scarlet fever display symptoms of sore throat, headache, fever, vomiting, and swollen neck glands. The tongue develops a thick coating which gets peeled off after 3-4 days leaving the tongue swollen with red color. The red rash develops on the second day. It feels like sand paper with tiny bumps. It first appears on the neck and then it spreads to the chest, back and other parts of the body.

It gets diagnosed based on the symptoms but for confirmation, throat swab is taken and tested in the laboratory. Once confirmed the treatment is started with antibiotics for 10 days. Normally the infection gets cleared within 4-5 days.

To provide relief to the child, you can do the following:

  • Soft foods such as soups, milkshakes, ice cream etc. needs to be given.
  • Make the child comfortable in cool cotton clothing.
  • The finger nails need to be trimmed to avoid secondary skin infection due to itching
  • Calamine lotion can be applied to provide relief from itching
  • Use of a warm face cloth at the neck side can provide soothing of the swollen glands.
                                                                                                                                  The child needs to be segregated to avoid other children from getting infected.

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Modern Cases Of Scarlet Fever