Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection and commonly occurs in children. The doctor diagnoses scarlet fever by looking at the rashes, and also taking a swab test from the back of the throat. This will confirm if there is streptococcus bacteria present, and then the presence of characteristic rash on the tongue can confirm the infection as scarlet fever. The doctor after confirming the disease starts the child on antibiotics immediately.
The antibiotics kill the bacteria and cure the infection. The medicines start taking effect within 24 hours. Once the treatment is started, symptoms like fever, nausea and headaches reduce. The fever may take two to three days to subside. However, nausea and headaches are cured instantly. The rashes also slowly start disappearing, and within a week's time they disappear. The rashes leave no permanent marks on the skin. Usually the doctors do not prescribe any topical applications for the rashes. If the child complains of a burning sensation and itchiness with the rash' they may give some cream which may cool the irritated parts of the skin. However, it is unlikely that rash is itchy.
Since sore throat is a common complaint with scarlet fever, when you visit a doctor, he or she will ask the parent to give the child cool things to eat, and to ensure that the child is on a liquid diet mainly. This helps to cool the skin also and gives relief to the rashes. Also, staying in cooler environment helps when a child has strep infection.
Regular dosage of antibiotics is a must for effective treatment. If scarlet fever is left untreated, then it may lead to further complications like rheumatic fever.
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