Tetanus was once considered the worst infection to have, and this fact still stands true today. However, today, tetanus shot is easily available, and also it is so common that people usually do not get this disease. Tetanus is not contagious like other viral diseases, but it does cause irreparable damage to the human body once it affects.
Tetanus spores actually lie inactive in the soil and unhygienic places such as animal feces. This particular type of bacteria can stay inactive for nearly forty years. It is important to note that when just a few tetanus-causing bacteria enter the body, it is not necessary that it will lead to tetanus. But, if there are cuts or open wounds on a person’s body, the bacteria can easily enter the body and wreak havoc. Once the bacteria enter the human body, they start colonizing and releasing a dangerous toxin that can cause death in human beings. This particular toxin causes severe muscle spasms and disables the person. The incubation period for tetanus bacteria inside the human body can be anything from 48 hours to two months.
Tetanus has been known to man since the 18th century. The earliest documentation of the disease is from this century. The vaccine to treat tetanus was only found in 1947 after which there has been a steady decline in the number of people being infected by tetanus. However, there was a steady decline even in the 18th century, and people are not sure how this particular bacterial infection was prevented.
Tetanus bacteria can live for long periods of time in soil and animal feces typically. They can remain that way for several years. They activate themselves under favorable conditions.
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