Typhoid fever is a common disease found in Asia, Africa, Central America and South America. People who travel to these regions are at risk of contracting the disease, which spreads through the fecal oral route.
Typhoid fever is caused by the Salmonella typhi bacterium and the disease is transmitted by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water.
Typhoid vaccine is not part of the regular immunization program in the United States but it is recommended that people, who travel to typhoid prone regions, take the vaccine to avoid catching the disease. The vaccine can be given to adults as well as in children, who 2 years and older.
The typhoid vaccine exposes the person to small doses of the bacterium, which helps the body to develop immunity against the disease. So, where do they inject typhoid vaccine? The vaccine is in the form of an injection that is given in a muscle. Typhoid vaccine is never given in the buttocks.
The vaccine is given in a single shot and people who intend traveling overseas should get it at least two weeks before their departure. Usually 55 percent of the people receiving typhoid vaccine gain adequate protection within two weeks of receiving the shot.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend that people should receive booster dose every two years if they are going to be exposed to the disease. If people, who are exposed to typhoid, do not receive the booster dose, they will not be fully protected against the disease. In case a person misses the booster shot, he should receive the next dose as soon as possible.
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