|Infectious Mononucleosis And Rash
Mononucleosis, also called “kissing disease”, is caused by Epstein-Barr virus. It is commonly found in adolescents and young adults and spreads mainly by the saliva of the infected person. Hence, it is advisable to avoid kissing and sharing the towels and utensils of the infected person to avoid contracting the disease.
Some of the symptoms of this disease include fatigue, chills followed by mild or high fever, headache, muscle ache, severe sore throat as long as ten days and swollen lymph nodes.
In few cases, early in the course of the infection, measles-like skin rash in the form of tiny red spots start appearing on the face or the body. The rash is faint and rapidly disappears. The rash could also develop in case amoxicillin or ampicillin is administered for curing the sore throat infection and may be prolonged. The reason for this rash could be that the immune system of the infected victim has lesser tolerance to some drugs which eventually leads to the formation of the rash. In addition, tiny red spots are sometimes found in the inside of the mouth, especially on the palate and the area of infection looks bruised.
Mostly the disease is dormant, but in some cases, people may be affected by chronic mononucleosis. It is recurrent and extremely rare and can cause serious health problems like jaundice, inflammation and rupture of the spleen and inflammation of the heart
The recommended treatments are high fluid intake, completed bed rest and healthy diet. Sometimes intravenous fluids are administered and Prednisone or Methylprednisone are prescribed to fight the infection.
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