Cirrhosis is a condition of the liver in which the liver functions cease over a period of time and the liver deteriorates.
Liver is made up of tissue and is very soft in texture. It produces bile that is essential for digestion, and also makes hundreds of enzymes that are important for regulating body functions and hormones.The liver develops a scarred tissue which replaces the normal liver tissue as the condition progresses. Cirrhosis can be caused due to autoimmune diseases like hepatitis A, B and C, or it can also be caused due to bad lifestyle and habits. When the healthy liver tissue is replaced with scarred tissue, the liver cells also get replaced and the liver retains damaged cells. It becomes extremely difficult for the patient to survive once the condition progresses.
Liver is one of the most important organs of the body. If the liver is damaged or diseased, then the life expectancy of the person decreases greatly. The symptoms of cirrhosis take at least two years to show up. In the mean time, severe damage has already been caused to the person. Some people fall very sick within three to five years of getting the condition. When conditions like jaundice develop late in life, then it could be due to cirrhosis. Once the initial symptoms like itching and weight gain or loss disappear, severe symptoms develop like jaundice, vomiting and nausea. At this time it is concluded that cirrhosis has reached an advanced stage where the patient can expect a life expectancy of not more than 10 years.
However, 50 percent of patients with severe cirrhosis caused due to high alcohol intake live for around 2 years, and 35 percent tend to live for around 5 years. Therefore, it can be said that life expectancy of a cirrhosis patient is not very long.
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