Measles, a highly contagious acute viral disease, is commonly found in children, especially in winter and spring in temperate climatic conditions.
The most common symptom of this disease is high fever accompanied by appearance of skin rashes all over the body. Other symptoms include runny nose, headache, appetite loss, acute cough, sneezing and watery red eyes.
The virus is present in the throat and also in the mucus of the nose of the infected person. On coughing or sneezing, the droplets spread and infect the air. The contaminated air or the mucus droplets can spray and land on the other people either through breathing in the infected air or by touching the mouth or nose by mistake with contaminated hands after direct contact with the infected person. People who have not been immunized are easily prone to this disease.
The measles virus enters the victim’s body, travels through the throat and enters the lungs and starts multiplying. It spreads and travels to the rest of the body. After about 1 week to 10 days, symptoms start showing up. This period between the transmission and the beginning of the infection is called incubation period.
The incubation period of this virus is generally between 7 to 15 days. Once the rashes erupt, it takes about a week for full recovery. The infection transmission can occur about 4 days before the appearance of rashes on the body. It is advisable to keep the infected person in isolation for about a week after the onset to prevent spreading the infection.
Immunization with the MMR (mumps, measles, rubella) vaccine at the beginning of 12 months of children can prevent this infection.
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