Mental illness is a medical condition wherein a person’s mood, behavior and thinking are affected. The duration of the illness, symptoms and severity change from one person to another. However, one thing that is common among all people suffering from a mental illness is that their ability to manage their day-to-day life is greatly impaired
Many mental illnesses arise from the imbalance in the brain’s chemistry. To watch the decomposition of a loved one is not easy. However, there are many medications available to counteract the chemical imbalances and these medicines help in reducing the symptoms to a great extent.
Mental illness can affect any person regardless of age, race, religion or income. In fact, mental illness has nothing to do with a person’s character or abilities. This illness is biological in nature and can affect all people in all populations the world over.
Decompensation or episodes of deterioration are quite common with mental illness. Decompensation means that when a person is stressed out, he withdraws from the situation. Decompensation and mental illness go hand in hand. In decompensation, the person loses control even when he is trying to be on his best behavior. The signs and symptoms of mental illness then keep him from working and he ends up having repeated episodes.
However, the good news is that mental illness is treatable so people no longer have to be locked like it was done during the medieval time, when they believed that the person was possessed by the devil. Nearly 70 to 90 percent people suffering from mental illness experience an improvement in their quality of life with correct treatment. The treatment consists of medication and therapy. The therapy allows the ill person to understand the nature of illness and ways to deal with the problems it creates and causes.
Unfortunately without treatment, both the individual and the society are affected quite badly. It is estimated that in the United States, untreated mental illness has an economic cost of more that $100 billion a year. Untreated mental illness increases the rate of homelessness, unemployment, substance abuse, suicide and unnecessary disability.
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