A concussion is an injury to the brain caused due to severe trauma caused by an impact to the head. It is usually accompanied by confusion, blurred vision, headache, loss of memory, and, sometimes, loss of consciousness.
The symptoms of concussion usually clear up quickly and without lasting effects. Medical specialists use a three-point system to determine the seriousness of a concussion. Based on this system, they design an appropriate treatment plan.
Grade 1: Symptoms are No loss of consciousness, brief confusion, and other symptoms like headaches that usually clear up within 15 minutes.
A grade 1 concussion is treated by applying ice to the head. Ice wrapped in a cloth can be applied at the site of injury. The ice needs to be left for at least half an hour to reduce the swelling. The doctors recommend adequate rest and also recommend drinking plenty of water as a suitable treatment for concussion.
Grade 2: Symptoms are no loss of consciousness, brief confusion, and other symptoms that usually take more than 15 minutes to clear up.
A person with a Grade 2 concussion is usually given the same treatment as for grade 1 concussions. However, the patient is kept under observation until all the symptoms have disappeared. If symptoms worsen or continue beyond a week, further brain tests, such as a CAT scan, are recommended.
Grade 3: Symptoms include Loss of consciousness for any period of time.
A person with a Grade 3 concussion requires immediate examination by a medical professional, especially a neurologist. If symptoms are severe, brain tests and hospitalization will be recommended.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that about three hundred thousand people experience mild to moderate concussions each year as a result of sports injuries.
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