CPR is an abbreviation used for the medical term cardiopulmonary resuscitation that denotes a method performed during medical emergencies. CPR is safe to be performed on individuals of any age group including children and is helpful to sustain breathing and pulse in a victim of cardiac arrest, suffocation, drug overdose, poisoning, choking and drowning.
The procedure can be administered by any individual who is trained in the same, thereby making the victim survive until medical assistance is attained. A continuous flow of oxygenated blood is required for the normal functioning of the human brain. Lack of oxygen supply even for 4 minutes initiates the stoppage of brain function which completely ceases at 7 minutes. In circumstances like these, immediate administration of CPR aids in providing regular flow of oxygen to the brain and heart till emergency care is offered to the victim.
The procedure of CPR involves administration of mouth to mouth breathing along with chest compressions. The fundamental steps of CPR comprise of 30 chest compressions alternating with 2 rescue breaths. Although the standard procedure suggests the checking of the victim’s pulse before commencing; in the year 2005 the recommendations of the International Consensus Conference on CPR and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science stated that it is not cardinal to follow this norm. A novel procedure of CPR known as hands only CPR has been recently developed by the American Heart Association that involves performing 100 chest compressions in one minute. This procedure does not incorporate mouth to mouth rescue breathing. Although the method of performing the chest compressions remains the same for infants as well, the force exerted on the chest needs to be reduced considerably.
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