CPR was invented in the year 1960. The invention of this procedure is credited to surgeon and innovator Peter Safar. During his stint at the Baltimore City Hospital in Maryland, he conducted extensive research on the existing life support procedures.
One of the existing life support procedure was controlling a person’s breathing airway by tilting back his or her head with an open mouth and subsequently using mouth-to-mouth breathing. This procedure is known as artificial respiration. Another existing life support procedure was known as closed-chest cardiac massage or chest compressions. His research led to combining these two procedures, namely artificial respiration and closed chest cardiac massage. This combination led to the basic life support method of CPR or Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation.
Prior to the invention of CPR, death was imminent for a person suffering from cardiac arrest. But Peter Safar not only changed that with his development and popularization of the procedure known as cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR but also doubled a person's chance of survival from sudden cardiac arrest.
Although Safar's research led to the invention of CPR, he was reluctant to take the honor for “inventing” CPR. This is because he believed that he merely combined effective procedures that humans had already discovered. He was just putting them together into what he called “the ABCs” -- maintaining a patient's Airway, Breathing and Circulation. His hard work led to popularization of this basic life support procedure around the world. He was also instrumental in collaborating with a Norwegian company to create “Resusci Anne,” the first CPR training mannequin.
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR, has since then become an emergency procedure performed on people suffering cardiac arrest.
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