The foot is a complex and important part of the body. It has 26 bones and 33 joints and 126 muscles, ligaments and nerves. The average person spends 4 hours on their feet and takes between 3,000 to 10,000 steps daily. The feet endure a lot and need to be looked after.
There are different types of foot pain, each with different symptoms. We shall see the conditions, symptoms and treatment for them.
- Corns and calluses have hard, dead yellow skin and the corn is painful. It takes place around the toes or areas exposed to friction. The recommended footwear is wide, box-toe shoes soft cushions under the ball of the foot or gel insoles for calluses.
- Bunions. Here the toes point inward. The surrounding is red and swollen. It occurs on the big or little toe. Sandals or wide box – toe shoes are helpful.
- Ingrown toe nails – this happens when a nail grows into the skin causing pain and swelling. It affects the toenails. Wearing sandals and open-toed shoes is the answer.
- Hammertoe. Toes form a hammer. Initially there is no pain. Pain increases as the tendon becomes tighter and the toe stiffens. It can develop on any of the middle 3 toes. Wide box-toe shoes or toe pads should be used.
- Morton’s Neuroma. Cramping occurs between the second and third toe or third and fourth toes. It can be detected by pressing hard on the toes. It gets worse on prolonged standing.
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