Multiple Sclerosis Leg And Hip Pain  

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). Multiple sclerosis (MS) usually affects woman more than men. The disorder most commonly begins between ages 20 and 40, but can strike at any age.

The exact cause is not known, but MS is believed to result from damage to the myelin sheath, the protective material which surrounds nerve cells. It is a progressive disease, meaning the damage gets worse over time. Inflammation destroys the myelin, leaving multiple areas of scar tissue (sclerosis). The inflammation occurs when the body's own immune cells attack the nervous system.

The inflammation causes nerve impulses to slow down or become blocked, leading to the symptoms of MS. Repeated episodes, or flare ups, of inflammation can occur along any area of the brain and spinal cord.

Symptoms vary because the location and extent of each attack varies. Usually episodes that last days, weeks, or months alternate with times of reduced or no symptoms (remission).

Recurrence (relapse) is common although non-stop progression without periods of remission may also occur.

Researchers are not sure what causes MC. The most common theories point to a virus or genetic defect, or a combination of both. There also appears to be a genetic link to the disease.

Musculoskeletal pain is caused because of muscular weakness, spacticity and imbalance resulting from MS. It is most often seen in the hips, legs and arms and essentially occurs as a result of immobility which causes muscle wastage, stiffness and inflexibility. It is vitally important to keep these muscles, tendons and ligaments strong and as flexible as possible to avoid added pain and discomfort, which can occur as a result of neglect.

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