Pain has been known to mankind since centuries. Though our ancestors did not have the scientific know how, they still understood that pain was a medical problem and that something needed to be done for the management of the same and with their limited knowledge they did their best to reduce the patient’s pain.
As early as 1620, opium was used to relieve the patients’ pain; later the physicians started using it with sherry for the same effect. As man began to gain knowledge, people who had the skills to perform a surgery were more in vogue because these people could reduce the patient’s agony faster. Likewise the use of anesthesia during surgery came into practice, though it was initially opposed and there was lot of debate over its usage, it was finally accepted and in modern medicine, anesthesia is a great invention in the control of pain.
Pain was first defined in 1975, by the International Association for the Study of Pain as “an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described in terms of such damage’. This means that unlike the earlier thought that pain was a totally physically thing, the approach has been changed to pain being something physical as well as emotional and as the approach towards pain changes, the approach towards the treatment of such pain also undergoes a change. Unlike earlier approach of medication and surgery, the people are now looking at other options such as hypnosis, relaxation, yoga, acupuncture etc. for pain management.
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