There are many different types of psychotherapy and they all have one thing in common. They believe in helping people through a treatment process where the patient has to talk to the therapist while the therapist listens, interacts with the patients, and observes certain signs and comments on them so that the patient can heal.
Usually a psychotherapy session takes place in the therapist's office. A session can also take place in a hospital if the patient is admitted for treatment. Invariably the length of a psychotherapy session is around 45 to 60 minutes. A patient invariably meets the therapist once a week but this can vary depending on the severity of the patient's mental health.
Different Types of Psychotherapy:
- Art therapy is a creative process of helping the patient express his thoughts and feelings. This therapy is also known as creative art therapy and involves music, dance, drama, drawing, poetry or painting.
- Behavior therapy uses the system of reward and reinforcement to induce positive behavior and gets rid of unwanted behavior.
- Cognitive therapy helps a patient to identify and change unhealthy thoughts as these lead to unwanted behavior, feelings and self-destruction.
- Cognitive behavioral therapy is a combination of behavior therapy and cognitive therapy to identify negative feelings and behavior and then replacing them with positive ones.
- Dialectical behavior therapy teaches patients behavioral skills so that they can cope with stress, have control over their emotions and improve their relationships with other people.
- Exposure therapy exposes a patient to the very thing that is troubling him and thereby teaches the patient to cope with it.
- Family therapy is meant for the entire family and it helps the family or certain individuals in the family understand and improve the way they interact and handle conflicts.
- Group therapy is for a small group of people who have similar problems. The therapy is facilitated by a leader and is discussion based.
- Marriage counseling helps partners in a relationship communicate, resolve differences and solve problems in a healthy manner.
- Play therapy is meant for young children and it uses different playing techniques to help children express their emotions and feelings even if they do not have the necessary vocabulary.
- Psychoanalysis is a Freudian-based therapy where the therapist helps a patient look into memories, events and emotions of the past and understand how they affect his current feelings and behavior.
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