Vital signs normally known as signs of life are used to evaluate and assess patient’s physical and psychological condition. Vital signs are normally monitored and continually assess by physician, nurse or healthcare professional during the hospital stay to determine person’s illness or other complications.
The primary four vitals signs include heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature and blood pressure. But in newborn and infants, skin color and temperature is also recorded to determine any serious medical condition or infection. Here are some vital signs from newborn to school age child.Vital Signs for Newborn and Infants:
Respirations rate, body temperature and pulse rate widely fluctuates in newborn and infants. Blood pressure is not recorded of healthy infants because sucking and crying may influence blood pressure and the information recorded may be unreliable. For newborn (0 to 1 month) respiration rates range from 40 to 60 breathes/minutes. Pulse rate ranges from 120 to 160 beats/minutes. In newborns and infants skin color and body temperature is also recorded to determine any medical condition or infection in a child.Vital Signs of Toddler and Preschooler:
Vital signs of Toddler and preschooler fluctuates less and are more stable. The pulse rate decreases to a normal range of 80 to 120 beats per minute, and respiration falls to 22 to 40 breathes /minute. Normal blood pressure ranges from a systolic pressure of 80 to 112 mm Hg over a diastolic pressure of 50 to 80 mm Hg.Vital Signs of School Age child
During school age and adolescence, temperature, pulse rate, and rate of respiration gradually decreases through childhood, but blood pressure increases and co-relates with body weight and height. For school age child in the age group of 6 to 12 years, respiration rate ranges from 18 to 30 breathes/minutes and pulse rate ranges between 70 and 120 beats per minutes. The systolic blood pressure of school age child is 80 to 110 mm Hg.
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