Cirrhosis of liver takes place when the liver slowly degenerates and is not able to perform its functions due to a chronic injury. The liver tissues are replaced by scar tissues, blocking partially the flow of blood through the liver.
Although it is caused by alcoholism, hepatitis B and C and fatty liver tissue, there are other causes as well. It is generally irreversible.
It is also caused by blocked bile ducts that put pressure on liver and overburden it. Bile duct injury, gall bluffer surgery and environmental toxins contribute to it. Viral hepatitis, chronic hepatitis B, C and D and poor nutrition adds to it.
The following are the symptoms that occur: Frequent attacks of indigestion, vomiting and abdominal pain, foul breath, low fever, bloated abdomen, fatigue, loss of appetite, swelling in legs and weight loss.
As the functions of the liver decrease, complications develop. Fluid starts collecting in the legs called edema and in the abdomen called ascites.
When the liver slows or stops producing the matter for blood clotting, a person will bleed easily.
Portal hypertension takes place. It is a condition when the pressure on the portal vein increases due to a slowing down of the normal flow of blood.
Portal hypertension may cause enlarged blood vessels in the esophagus or stomach which are likely to burst causing bleeding.
The spleen holds white cells lessening their content in the blood. A low platelet count may be the first evidence that the person has cirrhosis.
Jaundice occurs causing yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes and darkening of the urine.
Free flow of bile to and from the gallbladder is prevented causing gallstones.
Hepatocellular carcinoma can take place with cirrhosis. It is a kind of liver cancer.
Eventually complications set in and the individual dies.
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