Depending on the type of heart surgery, patient has to spend a day or more in the intensive care unit during the initial recovery phase. Subsequently he is moved to another part of the hospital for several days before he is discharged to go home.
During the period of his stay in the hospital, his condition is monitored at regular intervals to note the progress of his recovery. His heart rate, blood pressure and vital signs are monitored. Fluids are given to the body through intravenous (IV) needle inserted till such time the patient is ready to drink on his own. Extra oxygen through a face mask is given in case it is required.
The patient is given a set of instructions to be followed at home to aid in his recovery. The instructions will include care for the healing incisions, recognizing signs of infection and or any complications and how to cope with after effects of surgery. After effects of heart surgery include muscle pain, chest pain and swelling if the incision is in the leg. Other after effects are appetite, sleeping difficulty, constipation, and mood swings and depression. All these after effects are temporary and go away gradually.
The recovery time varies with the type of heart surgery. Full recovery from open heart surgery may take 6 to 12 weeks or more. Less recovery time is needed in case of off-pump heart surgery or minimally invasive heart surgery. The doctor will advise regarding when the patient can get back to his daily activities.
Foot pain is not an after effect of the heart surgery. It is independent of the heart surgery. It has nothing to with heart surgery. The cause of the foot pain after heart surgery may be altogether different. The doctor can be consulted to seek relief from the pain.
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