A scar is a natural part of the healing process. One gets a skin scar when a thick layer of the skin is damaged. The scar is as worse as the skin damage. Generally the skin scar is flat, pale and it leaves a trace of the original injury. The redness that normally follows an injury is not a scar, and it is not permanent.
When a person undergoes a surgery including heart surgery, incision is carried out to have access to the organ inside the body. Since the body cannot recreate healthy skin or tissue, it puts together new fibers that are not as functional as the original tissue but serves as a as a protective barrier. Scar tissue is the fibrous connective tissue which forms a scar. Scar tissue is not identical to the tissue it replaces and inferior in functional quality. The new scar tissue has different structure and quality than the surrounding normal tissue. The injury does not become a scar until the wound is completely healed. Skin scar tissue lacks in pigmentation and hair follicles. It is thicker than the surrounding tissue and limited in function including movement, circulation and sensation.
The scar tissue and adhesions start attaching themselves to bones, arteries, veins, nerves and organs. Scar and adhesion therapy is required to get relief from problems related to scar tissue. Craniosacral therapy is required for patients with surgery scars to get relief from pain in the sub acute stage after a surgical procedure.
Swelling or lump at the chest incision will be there and it may take several months to disappear. Many patients experience incision discomfort at the sternum. This will get reduced slowly. Pain relieving medication can be used. There is a need to distinguish the chest pain from incision discomfort. Patient has to contact the physician in case of chest pain.
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