Liver transplant is the second most common transplant, next to kidney transplant. In this transplant the diseased liver is replaced either with a healthier liver or a portion of a healthy liver. Here are some statistics on liver transplants that you may find interesting.
As per the data available from The Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network, there are around 6,000 transplants done annually in the USA itself and despite there are still around 17,000 patients awaiting a liver transplant in the country. In the UK, around 600 liver transplants are performed annually and the waiting period for low risk patients is around 6 to 12 months. The total liver transplants done in Ontario and rest of Canada in 2008 added up to about 200 transplants.
A notable thing about liver transplants is that the percentage of transplants done in the age group of 50-59 was higher and a large number of the donors were in the age group of 35-49. Also, quite a lot of patients awaiting a transplant also belong to the age group of 50-59 years.
Though there are such a large number of liver transplants done every year, there may be instances where the patient may not recover in spite of the transplant. However, the survival rate of a liver transplant is about 80-90 percent and the failure rate is 10-15 percent. The survival percentage in the first month of the transplant is expected to be 95.7 percent, in the first year it is 86.2 percent and in the third year it is 79.4 percent. Studies suggest that once the patient survives for the first 3 years after the transplant, then those patients have a 58 percent chance of surviving for another 15 years.
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