Childhood immunization protects individual children from serious contagious diseases such as polio, measles, diphtheria, and many other dangerous diseases. These diseases are now rare among children in the United States precisely because immunizations programs have been very successful and effective.
Timely immunization of the child against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), tuberculosis, measles, chickenpox, and polio gives protection from these diseases forever. Immunization, however, is effective only if it is given at the right age.
The following chart gives you immunization schedule and the correct age at which immunization against the various diseases should be given.
Immunize Protection against diseases Vaccines ______________________________________________________________________________
2 months old Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, DTaP/IPV/Hib
polio and Haemophilus,
Influenza type B
3 months old Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, DTaP/IPV/Hib
Polio, and Haemophi
influenza type B
Meningitis C Meningitis (MenC)
4 months old Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis DTaP/IPV/Hib
Polio, and Haemophilus,
Influenza type B
Meningitis C (Men C)
Around 12 months Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib/Men C)
Around 13 months Measles, Mumps and rubella, (MMR)
3 yrs 4 months to Diptheria, tetanus, pertussis, DTaP/IPV+HIB
5 years Polio, and haemophilus
Measles Mumps and rubella MMR
13 years old Tetanus, diphtheria and polio (Td/IPV)
to 18 years old
It is clear from the above chart that immunization for certain diseases is given in more than one dose, spread over few months. Each one of these doses is essential for complete protection. The second dose is called a ‘booster dose’ the immunizations will not be effective and will have to be started all over again.
Immediately after the child has been immunized, you may find that child has mild fever. However, there is no reason to worry as fever will not last longer than a day or two.
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- Parent Friendly Immunization Guide
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