Immunizations or vaccinations are intended to stimulate the immune system so as to produce antibodies that protect the dog from infectious antigens and disease. However, this stimulation may cause some minor symptoms like low fever, loss of appetite, body aches or muscle pain.
Like human beings adult dogs or puppies experience some kind of reaction after immunizations. Your dog may experience muscle pain, body aches or feel slightly feverish or sluggish, loose its appetite or sleep for longer hours after immunizations. If you have a small dog or young puppy, these reactions are more pronounced and easily noticeable. However, these reactions do not last long and your pet will be back to its normal life within two to three days. In rare cases, dogs start vomiting, have facial swellings and develop hives or wheals after immunizations. This allergic reaction is known as Urticaria. If your beloved dog shows these symptoms soon after immunization, consult your veterinarian he may prescribe oral antithistamine such as diphenhydramine to help manage these symptoms. Urtricaria is successfully treated with injectable corticosteroids like dexamethasone or prednisone. Urticaria if not managed carefully, may progress to anaphylaxis, which can be life threatening.
Anaphylaxis in dogs is a rare life threatening allergic reaction that produces breathing difficulty, collapse and possible death. Anaphylaxis usually occurs soon after immunization, often while the dog is still in the veterinary clinic. Anaphylaxis is an extreme emergency that needs immediate hospitalization and treatment. Dogs that survive the first few minutes usually return to normal health.
Immunizations do have risks, but those risks are much less compared to the risks associated with your pet contracting fatal diseases if it is not vaccinated on time. Timely immunizations defend your beloved dog from various life threatening diseases such as rabies, parvovirus and distemper.
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