Degenerative disk disease, popularly known by the name, Lumbar DDD, can affect people during their 30s or 40s even if they are otherwise healthy. However, disk degeneration is quite commonly found among the elderly people due to aging. Victims experience chronic pain in the lower back area due to the damage of spongy discs that cushion the vertebrae.
As people age, the interverterbral disc lose their elasticity, flexibility and the ability to absorb sudden impacts or shocks. The ligaments around these disks become swollen and brittle and may rupture due to wear and tear. The discs shrink as the gel-like substance at the centre start drying out over time. As they become thinner and thinner, the distance between the vertebrae becomes narrow and causes excessive back pain due to pressure on the nerves and the spinal cord. The suffering is worse in case of traumatic injuries during accidents.
In certain cases, the disk damage is quite gradual and is not seen as soon as the accident occurs. Other minor injuries like falling or tripping, strain on the back due to bending and twisting can aggravate the pain further.
Look out for the following symptoms and contact a doctor immediately if they occur regularly.
- Excessive pain that flares up for a short period of time in the lower back.
- Tingling sensation, numbness or weakness in the leg
- Problems in the bowel movements or bladder control.
This disease can be treated with therapies. However, if the conventional therapies do not provide any relief, surgery is performed as the last resort.
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