Turner syndrome is a genetic disorder that occurs only in girls. Due to this disorder, girls have a short stature and not mature sexually or get secondary sexual characteristics as they mature and reach puberty.
In addition, they develop other problems associated with the cardiovascular system and renal system. Turner syndrome occurs in one in 2500 live female births. However, the severity of the syndrome varies from person to person.
The syndrome got its name from Dr Henry Turner, a physician, who was the first to describe the symptoms based on his findings in 1938. However, it was only in 1959 that the actual cause of the syndrome was discovered. Turner syndrome is caused due to the presence of a single X chromosome instead of the normal XX chromosome.
When it comes to mortality of Turner syndrome babies, it should be noted that nearly 98 percent of fetuses with the syndrome are naturally aborted. In the United States, 10 percent of spontaneous miscarriages are that of Turner syndrome fetuses.
The main risk of Turner syndrome babies is developing heart defects, which are life threatening. Usually the problem is usually detected at birth but modern science has made it possible to detect heart defect antenatally. Infants with Turner syndrome related heart defects usually require open heart surgery after birth and even then it may not be possible to cure the defect completely. Mortality of Turner syndrome babies in the first year of their lives is around 15 percent and another 33 percent girls do not live beyond their 18th birth. However, if the severity of the syndrome is less, then the chances of developing heart and renal problems are low or the problems have low intensity. This immediately improves the prospects of Turner syndrome babies and they have a more or less normal lifespan.
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