Crohn's disease is an inflammatory disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract. The inflammation can occur in any part from the mouth to the anus.
The condition can cause a whole lot of symptoms ranging from abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting and weight loss. It can also lead to other complications like skin rash, arthritis and inflammation of the eyes.
Crohn's disease is an autoimmune disease wherein the body's immune system starts attacking its own gastrointestinal tract. The disease is considered to a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Scientists have found a genetic connection to the disease and people with siblings who have Crohn's disease are at the highest risk. The disease is equally present in males and females but it has been seen that people who smoke are three times likely to develop it.
In the United States around 400,000 to 600,000 people suffer from Crohn's disease. Research has shown that the condition is present usually during the teenage period and in the twenties after which it disappears and then reappears in the fifties and stays on until the seventies. However, this does not mean that at other ages one can not get the disease. In fact, Crohn's disease can appear at any age.
There is no cure for the disease and the only option is to control the symptoms. In addition, the disease is present throughout the patient's life with periods of activeness followed by periods of remission. Considering the symptoms that manifest due to the disease, many wonder what the mortality rate of Crohn's disease is. Research has shown that mortality rate of Crohn's disease is marginally higher than without the disease. In studies, it was found that standardized mortality ratios were greater than one and the studies further showed that the mortality rate of Crohn's disease has not changed in the last 40 years.
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