The main role of the pituitary gland in a woman’s body is to control the ovaries. When a woman has reached her menopausal stage, the ovaries stop producing eggs due to which estrogen and progesterone levels in her body tend to become low.
The pituitary gland is located at the base of the brain and it acts like a central control room for all glands that produce hormones in the body. Also, when the ovaries stop making eggs, it can adversely affect the sexual drive of a woman and during that time the pituitary gland compensates for the lack of function of the ovaries. The pituitary gland starts stimulating the ovaries and the ovaries still remain dormant. This cycle of stimulating and lack of response can cause the pituitary actually malfunction. When a certain hormone in the body does not find any use, it tends to go back to the originating gland through the blood stream.
An enlarged pituitary gland during menopause is the result of the gland trying to stimulate the ovaries and failing at it. It does not happen to all women and there are very few cases to which enlarged pituitary during menopause occurs. The exact reasons for it are unknown but it is a known fact that this condition does exist.
However, after the woman is through with her menopausal stage, the pituitary glands resumes its functions and shrinks back to normal size. This condition is looked upon as a temporary one. However, during the enlarged state there may be other repercussions the body may have to face because the pituitary also controls several other glands in the body.
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