Dental bone grafts are done using local anesthesia. It is a surgical procedure and is usually done in the dentist's office. Although during the procedure itself you will not feel any pain because of the anesthesia, after the procedure there will be pain once the effects of the anesthesia wear off.
After the dental bone graft procedure, you will experience swelling and some mild to moderate pain in surgical site. The doctor will give you analgesics and painkillers to help with the swelling and pain. You could also be given antibiotics to prevent onset of infection.
In case the doctor had to remove the bone graft from your chin or mouth, then the pain will be more. However, this pain can be tackled effectively with the painkillers prescribed by the doctor. Also, the level of discomfort will increase if you have a tooth extraction or any other invasive dental procedure along with the dental bone graft procedure.
So, though it is a surgical procedure to introduce the bone graft, you will not experience any pain or discomfort. It is during the post-operative time that you will suffer from discomfort for a few days. In the worst case scenario, you can have an infection, which can be quite painful, or the bone graft will not integrate with the existing bone, which again can cause pain. However, these instances are very rare as dentists ensure that the surgical site is clean before the graft is introduced. In addition, if the bone graft is from your own body, there is no question of rejection.
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