According to the American Lung Association around 14 million Americans suffer from bronchitis. There are two types of bronchitis -- acute and chronic. Acute bronchitis occurs due to viral infection and one needs to take antibiotics to cure the disease. On the other hand, chronic bronchitis can occur due to allergies or irritants but the most obvious source of chronic bronchitis is smoking.
Chronic bronchitis recurs often and the symptoms stay on for nearly 3 months in a year. More men than women used to suffer from chronic bronchitis but the number of women who smoke has increased, leading to an increase in the disease in women. The disease progresses slowly and usually middle-aged and older people tend to be diagnosed with it.
Usually immune suppression is advocated for chronic bronchitis. Usually people with chronic bronchitis have a persistent cough which can be caused used to inhalation of irritants or cigarette smoke. In addition, there is difficulty in breathing and if the disease is not treated, it can lead to emphysema.
When the person coughs, there is phlegm production along with wheezing and shortness of breath. When you visit a doctor with these symptoms, he will conduct a thorough chest examination looking for sounds that show there is lung inflammation and narrowing of the airways. In addition, you may have to undergo a chest X-ray, ECG and blood test.
Usually immune suppression is used to relax the muscles of the bronchial tube so that the airflow into the lungs and out of the lungs increases. Immune suppression is either given orally or it has to be inhaled using a nebulizer. There are many different types of drugs that are available nowadays for immune suppression of bronchitis.
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