Iritis is a condition where the iris, which is the colored part of the eye, gets inflamed. It can be caused due to many reasons like viral or bacterial infection, injury to the eye or autoimmune disorder.
The condition is also referred to as anterior uveitis, and it is chronic in nature.As the condition is setting on the eye appears to look red, and the sclera, which is the white part of the eye, can appear gray or cloudy in color. The inflammation causes accumulation of leukocytes, or white blood cells, under the iris which then spread to other parts of the eye. The condition usually affects just one eye.
Some of the symptoms of iritis include changing of the shape of the iris, pain in the eye and/or around the brow region, headache, increased production of tears, blurry vision and increase in pain when the eye is exposed to bright light. If you suffer from these symptoms, you should immediately consult an ophthalmologist. If you leave the condition untreated, it can lead to blindness.
Untreated iritis can lead to cataract formation, which can cause vision problems, or the iris can get attached to the cornea due to swelling which again can impair vision and lead to blindness.
Many times, the symptoms of iritis could be due to another condition or infection in some other part of the body. Iritis can be caused due to tuberculosis, rheumatic arthritis, syphilis, Lyme disease, kidney infection, or autoimmune disorders.
The doctor will prescribe eye drops to reduce the inflammation and swelling of the iris. Many times, eye drops are prescribed to dilate the pupil. It will take around 6 to 8 weeks for the condition to subside after treatment is started.
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