CVD, or cardiovascular disease, refers to a condition when the normal function of the heart and the body’s circulatory system gets disrupted. Cardiovascular diseases do not occur suddenly. They are usually chronic which develop after continuous neglect of the organs that are involved in making up the circulatory system. There are certain conditions of this disease which can ask for sudden medical emergency such as heart attacks or strokes.
CVD affects people who lead an unhealthy life style. People who smoke are at a greater risk of being affected by CVD. Also, those who have elevated blood pressure and high cholesterol levels in their blood stream are also susceptible to CVD. People who are obese suffer from diabetes can also become victim of CVD quite early in life.
To prevent occurrence of CVD, one must adhere to a healthy lifestyle which involves avoiding smoking, controlling blood pressure and blood glucose levels, maintaining lower levels of cholesterol, and moderate exercising regularly.
Cardiovascular diseases are further classified. They comprise of conditions such as coronary artery disease. This disease further leads to angina, heart attack and congestive heart failure. Disease of the blood vessels that is responsible for supplying blood to the brain is termed as cerebrovascular disease. This particular disease leads to transient ischaemic attack, also commonly known as mini strokes.
Peripheral vascular disease is the disease of the blood vessels that supply blood to the arms and legs. Blocked blood flow in the arteries causes pain. This condition is called as claudication. Another condition which causes death of tissues in the legs because of poor circulation of blood is called gangrene.
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