Coronary arteries are responsible for supplying oxygenated blood to the heart. With this oxygen rich blood the heart is able to pump blood that is to be transported to other parts of the body. When these coronary arteries get blocked due to build up of fatty materials, calcium, cholesterol and other substances, it causes blockages inside the artery. Due to the blockages, the heart does not get the required amount of blood necessary for its pumping action. This condition is referred to as coronary heart disease.
When coronary heart disease is not recognized and diagnosed, it further leads to a condition known as angina, which means frequent pains in the heart and chest. Coronary heart diseases, if not treated, would end up in heart attack, heart failure and arrhythmias.
Coronary heart disease has affected almost 14 millions of people in the US and remains the number one reason of death and long term disability. There are certain risk factors associated with coronary heart disease that can be controlled with medication and treatment, but there are few which are beyond control. Such risk factors include conditions like age, heredity and gender. People who are above the age of 65 years cannot be treated. Also, if the parents suffered from this disease, most likely the children will also suffer. And lastly, men are more susceptible to suffer from this disease.
Factors which are under your control or can be treated are avoidance of smoking, controlling high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels, diabetes mellitus, stress, obesity and inactivity.
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