Congestive heart failure is a condition which occurs due to improper pumping of blood by the heart. The blood flows in a reverse direction in to the body. This reverse flow can occur in the left or right sides of the heart chambers. In the former, blood flows back to the lungs causing coughing and shortness in breath especially while exercising or lying on the bed. In the later, blood flows back to the body parts causing swelling in legs or ankles which worsens when the individual stands.
Apart from the specific symptoms, others which indicate to heart disorder include palpitation, intolerance for exercising, wheezing, coughing, fatigue, nausea, sudden gain in weight or appetite loss.
This condition occurs due to previous conditions like elevated blood pressure, damage to the muscles of the heart, earlier heart attacks, damage to the membrane around the heart called pericardium, or damage to the valves in the heart. Although rare, this can also occur when the heart is expected to beat faster than normal and is unable to keep up with the demand due to hypothyroidism. The people who have excess alcohol, smoke a lot, are over-weight or have medical disorders like diabetes are more prone to get this disorder.
Congestive heart failure is a serious, degenerative condition and can become chronic. This can pose to be a big threat to one’s life. Damage can be caused to the right, left or both sides of the heart resulting in a reduction of oxygen and nutrients to different organs in the body. This can cause loss of functioning or damage to the particular organ.
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