The brain is truly a fascinating organ of the human body. The way it functions is still a mystery that researchers are trying to unravel. This complex organ is the seat for learning, consciousness and perceiving things around us. It is also responsible for helping a person form memories and use critical thinking to solve problems. Long term memory and critical thinking are important functions that the brain undertakes on a regular basis.
When it comes to long term memory, it is responsible for comparing new information to the information that is already stored in the brain. This allows easier storage of information and data. The new information is broken down in smaller pieces known as chunks and then stored with similar information in the brain. This type of matching allows easy storage and retrieval of information.
The skills required for long term memory are divided into three categories, namely attention, storage and retrieval. In attention, the brain is stimulated by a stimulus. This can be conscious or unconscious stimulation. Once the stimulation occurs, the information is stored in the brain for future use or retrieval. When a person wants to recall a memory, the process of retrieval is activated, which allows the memory to come to the surface from the depth of the brain.
Coming to critical thinking, which is another important brain function. This type thinking is important in problem solving and for making sound judgments. When it comes to problem solving, critical thinking allows a person to take the available information and come up with a solution to solve a problem. The solution to a problem can be a short term one, such as figuring out the type of tool that is required to take out a nail or it can be a long term one, such as how to save money for retirement. The solution is dependent on the type of problem. There are many steps involved in the process of problem solving and some of the steps may need revision if the desired result is not achieved.
Critical thinking also helps a person make sound judgments based on using the available information. In critical thinking, the person has not explicitly learned the information and hence, based on the evidence available, he/she has to make an inference. However, in this type of thinking, the judgments are always based on logic and allow a person to make inferences that are logical.
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