Osteoporosis is a disorder which women have been suffering from ages more as compared to men. Mummies found in Egypt which are more than 4000 years old stand proof to this. In the past few years, research work has been able to provide diagnosis, treatment and assistance in preventing the onset of this disorder.
In 1830, a Pathologist from France named Jean George Chretien Frederic Martin Lobstein first noticed the bones of people suffering from osteoporosis. They were larger than normal and also had many pores. He coined the term ‘Osteoporosis’.
By 1940, Fuller Albright concluded that women with osteoporosis can be treated by supplementing estrogen. This was only a way to prevent loss of bone. The initial stages of bone loss could not be diagnosed and treated.
By 1960, the ‘Densitometer’ was invented. This helped doctors detect the onset of osteoporosis in the early stages. Here, energy was passed through the bones and the changes in the absorption of energy would indicate the density of the bone. Any change from the normal absorption would indicate presence of osteoporosis.
In 1960, Herbert Fleisch discovered ‘biphosponates’ which is a compound. Research work in the 1980s and 1990s brought out that bone loss was a major threat to one’s health and this should be treated with estrogen supplements, exercises, calcium intake and good nutrition. By 1998, the first drug made available in the market to treat osteoporosis post-menopause was ‘Raloxifene’.
People have been advised to monitor and supplement calcium intake to avoid bone loss. By educating people about this disorder, preventive actions can be taken to avoid onset of osteoporosis.
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