When it comes to psychological principles of abnormal psychology, a very basic and simple idea can help classify abnormal psychology. If a person is happy and content with his life, he has no problem with his mental health.
However, if a person's thoughts or behavior are causing him problem in his life, then these thoughts and behaviors will be classified as abnormal.
The most common criterion for something in life being abnormal is maladaptiveness and there are two aspects to it. The first, the person faces an inability to reach goals and to adapt to the demands of life; and the second is that the person's behavior and thoughts are such that it interferes with the social functioning of the society.
However, when psychologists talk about psychological principles of abnormal psychology, they usually look at three main perspectives. These perspectives are behavioral perspective, biological perspective and cognitive perspective.
The behavioral perspective of abnormal psychology lays emphasis on the role of learning, especially conditioning learning, when it comes to development of disorders. Biological perspective, also known as medical perspective, correlates mental illnesses and disorders to biological abnormalities present in the genetic makeup or the body. Cognitive perspective lays emphasis on cognitions like expectations, values and beliefs that help a person respond when confronting situations in life.
From its humble past, abnormal psychology has evolved into a science that can help treat people with mental disorders and illnesses. No longer are does the society think that mentally ill people are possessed by demons and evil spirits. And, this is all because of the advances made in the field of abnormal psychology.
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